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Ottoman Empire Russia War

1877-1878 Ottoman-Russia War

Russia’s protection of the rights of orthodox Christians in the Ottoman Empire that justified Russian intervention in the ottoman affairs resulted with a new Ottoman-Russia war in 1877.

Russian army that passed through Danube met with the Ottoman forces at Plevna under the command of Gazi Osman Pasha and was stopped for five months with a courageous defence. When Ottoman forces could not resist any longer, Russians marched through Adrianople . The Ottomans requested peace. According to the Treaty of San Stefano (Ayastefanos) of 1878:

Serbia, Karadag and Romania were recognised as independent.

Bosnia and Herzegovina received autonomy under the Ottomans’ suzerainty.

Bulgaria received independence consisting also Macedonia and provinces of Western Thrace.

Thessaly was ceded to Greece.

Kars, Ardagan, Dogu Bayazid and Batumi were ceded to Russia

Ottomans accepted to make reforms in favour of Armenians.

Ottomans accepted to give a large war indemnity to Russia.

The European powers consisting Britain, Germany and Austria reacted to the new settlement which provided a Russian domination in the Balkans.

The “Congress of Berlin” was signed in order to formulate a solution to the Eastern Question in July 13, 1878. According to the treaty;

Serbia, Karadag and Romania were recognised as independent.

Bosnia and Herzegovina were placed under the Ottoman laws and Austrian administration.

Bulgaria recognised as an independent “princedom”. Eastern Thrace was agreed to be governed by a Christian governor positioned by Sultan for five years.

Macedonia recovered in Ottomans’ control.

Kars, Ardagan, Batumi were given to Russia, Dogu Bayazid was relinquished to the Ottomans.

Ottomans accepted to make reforms in the eastern Anatolia and Crete.

Greece received Thessaly.

Ottomans agreed to pay war indemnity

The Ottomans requested Britain’s aid in order to lighten Russia’s conditions agreed at the Treaty of San Stefano. Britain accepted the request if the Ottomans left the governance of Cyprus to themselves. Therefore, Cyprus became legally Ottomans and Britain would prevent Russia’s attacks being so strategically located. The agreement made on June 4, 1878, would continue until Russia accepted to leave from the captured cities on the eastern Anatolia

See Also...
Abdulhamit 2
Abdulmecid I
Ahmet I
Ankara Battle
Balkan War
British Settlement In Egypt
Bulgaria Kingdom
Caldiran War
Conquest Of Edirne
Conquest Of Istanbul
Egypt Rebellion
Ertugrul Gazi
Fatih Sultan Mehmet
Foundation Of The Kingdom Of Bulgaria
Kabakci Mustafa Event
Kanuni Sultan Suleyman
Kingdom Of Bulgaria
Kosova Battle
Kosovo Battle I
London Convention
Mahmut 2
Mehmet 6 Vahdettin
Mehmet Sultan
Mehmet V Resat
Mercidabik War
Murat 1
Murat 2
Murat Sultan
Murat V
Mustafa I
Mustafa Iv
Nigbolu Battle
Orhan Bey
Osman Bey
Ottoman Austria
Ottoman Crete
Ottoman Crimean War
Ottoman Egypt Rebellion
Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire Decline
Ottoman Empire History
Ottoman Empire Military
Ottoman Empire Russia War
Ottoman Empire Sultan
Ottoman Empire Timeline
Ottoman Empire Timeline Murat 1
Ottoman Empire Wars
Ottoman Habsburg Wars
Ottoman Iran Wars
Ottoman Persia Wars
Ottoman Persian Wars
Ottoman Poland
Ottoman Russia Relations
Ottoman Russian War
Ottoman Sultan
Ottoman Sultan And Ottoman Wars
Ottoman Sultan Nayezid
Ottoman Sultan Osman
Ottoman Sultans
Ottoman Tunisia Occupation
Ottoman Venice
Ottoman Victory
Ottoman War
Ottoman Wars
Ottomans And Osman Bey
Ottomans Mehmet
Ridaniye War
Second Siege Of Vienna
Seizure Of Egypt
Sirpsindigi Battle
Straits Protocol
Sultan Ahmet 2
Sultan Bayezid
Sultan Mehmet 3
Sultan Murat 3
Sultan Murat 4
Sultan Mustafa
Sultan Nayezid
Sultan Osman
Sultan Osman 2
Sultan Selim
Sultan Selim 1
Sultan Selim 2
Sultan Suleyman 2
The Treaty Of Tilsit
The War Of Tripoli
Treaty Of Bucharest
Treaty Of Edirne
Treaty Of Paris
Varna Battle
World War