Ottoman Egypt Rebellion : Ottoman Empire Ottoman History Ottoman Sultans Austria Turkey

Egypt Rebellion

Egypt Rebellion

As an Ottoman officer, Kavalali Mehmet Ali re-established an effective control of Egypt after the French Seizure in 1801 and was designated as Mehmet Ali “Pasha”, semi-independent ruler of Egypt by the sultan in 1805. In fact Mehmet Ali Pasha had supported the sultan during the Greek war, he was not rewarded. Therefore, he invaded Syria and the army commanded by Mehmet Ali Pasha’s son, Ibrahim Pasha, reached Kutahya –inside Anatolia. Mahmut II requested aid from Russia and the Russian navy came to Istanbul, which had created an international crisis. Britain and France intervened to mediate and Mehmet Ali Pasha was forced to withdraw to Syria. The Ottomans accepted to sign both the Treaty of Kutahya with Mehmet Ali Pasha and the “Treaty of Hunkar Iskelesi” in order to guarantee the continuation of Russia’s support in 1823.

As to the Treaty of Kutahya Mehmet Ali Pasha designated as the Governor of Sam in addition to Egypt and Crete; Ibrahim Pasha was positioned as the governor of Jeddah and had right to collect the taxes of Adana.

Mahmut II in doubt of possible rebellion of Mehmet Ali Pasha in future, signed the 8-year “Treaty of Hunkar Iskelesi”.

According to the treaty;

Russians accepted military support to the Ottomans in case of any attack.

The straits were to be closed to other powers’ naval forces on Russian demand.

While the Ottomans fought a new battle with Mehmet Ali Pasha and were again defeated at Nizip, Mahmut II died and his son Abdulmecid I ascended the throne in 1839.

ABDULMECID I (1838-1861)

As the continuation to promote the modernisation and reform of the institutions that by definition “Westernisation”, Abdulmecid I inaugurated the “Tanzimat” on November 3, 1839 at Gulhane Park, also named as “Gulhane-hatti-Humayunu” (Royal edict of the Rose Chamber)

Tanzimat, the reorganisation, was prepared by European educated foreign minister Mustafa Resit Pasha that promised an end to corruption in government and equality.

London Convention of 1840

According to the Convention it was agreed that Mehmet Ali Pasha was hereditary ruler of Egypt under ottoman sovereignty. The governance of Syria, Crete and Adana left to the Ottomans.

Mehmet Ali Pasha did not accept the conditions but could not react the British and Austrian forces in Beirut.

The “Straits” Protocol (1841)

The Protocol was signed between Britain, France, Russia, Austria and the Ottomans, clarifying that the Ottomans had right to close the straits to warships of all powers and the straits were in totally Ottoman control

See Also...
Abdulhamit 2
Abdulmecid I
Ahmet I
Ankara Battle
Balkan War
British Settlement In Egypt
Bulgaria Kingdom
Caldiran War
Conquest Of Edirne
Conquest Of Istanbul
Egypt Rebellion
Ertugrul Gazi
Fatih Sultan Mehmet
Foundation Of The Kingdom Of Bulgaria
Kabakci Mustafa Event
Kanuni Sultan Suleyman
Kingdom Of Bulgaria
Kosova Battle
Kosovo Battle I
London Convention
Mahmut 2
Mehmet 6 Vahdettin
Mehmet Sultan
Mehmet V Resat
Mercidabik War
Murat 1
Murat 2
Murat Sultan
Murat V
Mustafa I
Mustafa Iv
Nigbolu Battle
Orhan Bey
Osman Bey
Ottoman Austria
Ottoman Crete
Ottoman Crimean War
Ottoman Egypt Rebellion
Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire Decline
Ottoman Empire History
Ottoman Empire Military
Ottoman Empire Russia War
Ottoman Empire Sultan
Ottoman Empire Timeline
Ottoman Empire Timeline Murat 1
Ottoman Empire Wars
Ottoman Habsburg Wars
Ottoman Iran Wars
Ottoman Persia Wars
Ottoman Persian Wars
Ottoman Poland
Ottoman Russia Relations
Ottoman Russian War
Ottoman Sultan
Ottoman Sultan And Ottoman Wars
Ottoman Sultan Nayezid
Ottoman Sultan Osman
Ottoman Sultans
Ottoman Tunisia Occupation
Ottoman Venice
Ottoman Victory
Ottoman War
Ottoman Wars
Ottomans And Osman Bey
Ottomans Mehmet
Ridaniye War
Second Siege Of Vienna
Seizure Of Egypt
Sirpsindigi Battle
Straits Protocol
Sultan Ahmet 2
Sultan Bayezid
Sultan Mehmet 3
Sultan Murat 3
Sultan Murat 4
Sultan Mustafa
Sultan Nayezid
Sultan Osman
Sultan Osman 2
Sultan Selim
Sultan Selim 1
Sultan Selim 2
Sultan Suleyman 2
The Treaty Of Tilsit
The War Of Tripoli
Treaty Of Bucharest
Treaty Of Edirne
Treaty Of Paris
Varna Battle
World War